Vol I No. 7
Liturgy & Ecclesiology

Locking Down Churches in England -- Again

by sinetortus

(A locked church entrance, from geograph.org.uk)


All Churches are, once again, to be shut and all public worship ended in England by Government order, as part of the latest “lockdown”.

The manner of announcing this adds to the rightful shock and dismay it will cause, as Boris Johnson, the Prime Minister did not even feel it a point worth troubling to mention when announcing the overall conditions of the lockdown from Downing Street. The news was merely slipped out later on the Government’s website, which flatly stated that, “Places of Worship will be closed, unless they are being used for: Funerals, To broadcast acts of worship, Individual prayer, Formal childcare or where part of a school, Essential voluntary and public services, such as blood donation or food banks”

This was significant on several levels. First, it reflects the astonishing situation that closing down access to all services in the Christian churches of the nation – including the Church of England as the Established Church (as well as meeting places all other faith communities) was simply felt to be so trifling a matter as to merit no attention at all from the Prime Minister himself.

This would seem to mark a step down even lower than the status given in the first lockdown, when the government decided to categorise the churches as part of the entertainment and hospitality sector, presumably on the basis that theatres are large places with a lot of seating and so are most churches,  so why not treat them the same way?

Remarkably, given that the Church of England is indeed still the legally established church of the realm and thus supposedly closely connected to the state, little immediate  consultation was seemingly undertaken, or advance warning given of this new closure edict, thus leaving  even the Bishop of London – the world’s single largest Anglican diocese, able to say initially after the Prime Minister’s statement only that, “We will study the detailed regulations when they are published and seek clarification on how this may affect public worship.”  So much for the close relationship the archbishops and bishops are wont to suggest they have with the corridors of power, which it seems they may still adorn  in the House of Lords, but clearly did not influence in this case.

It was deeply shocking to many Christians – most especially those who were ill, otherwise alone, bereaved and the dying,  that all churches were closed during the first lockdown. And it was even more mortifying to learn later that the bishops had been offered some level of exemption but reportedly decided on their own initiative to go further than was originally requested by the Government and insist that the churches be totally locked and barred even to their own clergy !

At least this time it is apparently permitted for churches to be open at times to individuals  for private prayer, but actual  services can only  be conducted  behind closed doors for live streaming — and while the bishops have so far accepted all this again,  the brutal fact that the public ministry and worship of the Church is to be stopped entirely,  remains.

This needs to be recognised for the very shocking thing that it is. It means nothing less than that the full sacramental ministry of the Church is apparently something to be considered an optional extra we can all do without in times of crisis – which is surely the exact opposite of the truth and is an affront to the  unremitting commitment to witness, ministry and service that the Church has maintained – often at terrible cost and  through all manner of calamity — over the course of two millennia.

Even if  it is granted that there was sufficient evidence to warrant extreme caution to the point of closure,  at the time of the first lockdown (which is itself debatable) subsequent experience, and the elaborate precautions in place in all churches now, have to mean that such concerns do not warrant an end to public worship  now. There seems to have been no known case reported, of Covid virus transfer happening via a service in a church that has observed the appropriate precautions. Then again, if indeed even socially distanced proximity alone is sufficient to cause virus transfer,  then there is no basis for singling out churches in particular  for closure  After all, not only will grocery stores remain open, but so also will liquor stores,  and these will be joined this time  by schools and colleges which will also remain open. Accordingly, there is no reasonable justification for the current action, which specifically prevents access to the means of grace the ministry of churches provide, and which Christians consider essential to the full practice of their faith.

At a time when rights are so much spoken of,  it is curious that they can it seems be so readily set aside in respect of access to the fulness of Christian ministry and worship.

Altogether, this situation poses very serious questions for the Churches  insofar as they either do, or do not, take seriously the sacramental ministry and the command of Our Lord himself: “Do ye this in remembrance of me”.

Was that injunction real or merely virtual ?